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Written by Max Mehl, Hugo Roy, and hundreds of people who contributed to the website in more than 20 years
This page shows various features that the fsfe.org website provides for
editors. It is far from complete and always work in progress, just like
the website in general. And hey, already this paragraph is a special
feature, the <div id="introduction">.
If you would like to follow how the features are actually being used, make
sure to have a look at the source code of this page. You will find a link
in the footer, as on every page.
First of all, when editing or creating websites, please make sure to enable
the Git hooks and follow the
best practices. They will mitigate a lot of common issues and make
things more pleasant for you and others.
Secondly, be aware that not all features work on all pages. News items and
events have some limitations or extra features. Some things are only
possible when you have set <body class="article"> (like
the sidebar), while <body class="overview"> is a
full-width page with other benefits.
Thirdly, also be aware of the more technical documentation of the features
on the Editing
wiki page. While the page you are currently looking at is rather meant
for editors, the wiki page may be more helpful for our tech-savvy web
You can add various meta data and clever tags in your XHTML file. This
wiki page shows all of them. In this article, we set multiple authors
(see on top) and a description and image that are visible in social media
and other pages.
Linking to websites using <a href="https://example.com">click
me</a> is the 101 of HTML. However, there are a few neat
tricks you should know of.
You can not only link to separate website, but also to parts of your page.
This can be done with anchor links. To achieve this, you'll first need to
mark the portion of the website that you would like to link to. In most
cases, this should be done by marking a headline. A use-case could be a
table of contents.
In this example, we gave the headline above this section ("Anchor links")
an id: <h3 id="anchor-links">Anchor links</h3>.
From now on, we can link to the id "anchor-links".
If you want to link to a section of the same site, you need to
prepend the link with a "#". So this link is
just href="#anchor-links". However, you can also from another
site link to this specific section. Such a link could look like this:
NOTE: if you do not add an id attribute to
headlines, our build system will automatically do so, starting with
id- and then followed with the name of the headline (and some
modification). However, you are discouraged from using this effectively,
because this id will not be the same if the article is translated. So if
you link to a headline having the content "Important Section" via the
automatically generated anchor link #id-important-section,
this link will not work in the Italian translation where the automatically
generated id of the headline will be id-sezione-importante or
A special feature of our website is the automatic setting of a donation
link. Let's say you write a news item and would like to motivate people to
become supporters or make a one-time donation. You could just directly
link to the donation page, but
ideally you want to learn which article motivated people to contribute.
For this, you can just use fsfe-cd-donate-link. Instead of
doing <a href="https://my.fsfe.org/donate">help
us</a>, you can do: <fsfe-cd-donate-link>help
us</fsfe-cd-donate-link>. This automatically sets a referrer
to the donation link. The even cooler thing: it also works with buttons or
anything else that you do with a tags:
It is common to include email addresses in your text, e.g. if your would
like to get direct feedback on a topic. Unfortunately, this will make the
posted email address likely to receive a lot of spam because bots are
crawling all kinds of websites to get email addresses they could spam.
Our system supports some basic ways how to prevent that and still be
accessible to people using a screen reader. To just show an email address
safely (like email@example.com), do it like
<email>firstname.lastname@example.org</email>. If you want
that people can just click on the link to have their email application
opened with the mail as recipient (like email@example.com), make it <email
Including nice graphics is one of the most important steps to make a page
attractive to readers. Therefore, we support many ways how to embed
graphics, position them neatly, and fit them to your content. Let's have a
look at the default way how to include a picture: (almost) full-size,
shadow around it, and a caption below:
The code for that would be the following (the next examples won't have
this explicit code display, so have a look at the source code then):
<img src="/graphics/group-blur-800.jpg" alt="A random group picture" />
A picture of a group, somewhen in 2013
You can equip the <figure> element with many more
classes to adapt them to your needs. Here are some examples:
On the right, we have a class="float-right", and this time
without a figcaption. On large screens, it will stick to the
right, on small ones it will become full-width to stay visible for
visitors. Of course, float-left is also possible. We have
also wrapped the image in a link (using the a element), so
people can click on it. Links should be used wisely as they direct your
readers away from the current page.
You can also control the width of the image freely. Add the
max-width-XX class to the figure, where XX equals a number
between 0 and 100 in steps of 5. In the example below, we set it to 55,
and apply a few other classes:
Did you notice that the shadow around the picture is gone?
no-border sets that. And for some reason, we defined that the
text in the figcaption shall be aligned to the right, by applying the
BE AWARE: although we have all these classes, please
don't overuse them. We strive to keep a more or less uniform style on
fsfe.org. Therefore, try to be consistent with other, similar pages, and
don't make your page a playground for wild styling experiments.
Videos work similarly to graphics, but are a bit
more complex. As graphics, they should be wrapped inside a
<figure> element and can use the same classes for
sizing, shadows, or alignment. However, a video has to come in two
different formats for best software freedom support (Webm) and
compatibility (MP4), and in different resolutions for bandwidth saving.
Our primary video platform is our Peertube instance. You should
upload/import the video there first, or ask the responsible person for
this. This video is then available via a link, e.g.
Unfortunately, we currently cannot directly embed the video from Peertube
directly. Therefore, we provide the Peertube
Embedder, a script on our download server
that automates the necessary processes of download and conversion. Please
follow the tool's documentation to learn how to use it and how it works.
There you will also find a list of drawbacks of this temporary solution.
If this is finished, you will receive a tag like the following:
/> that is internally translated into the video. Wrap this in a
figure, and optionally extend it with a caption and a link to the original
For many pages it may make sense to add quotes in between a wall of text.
Also here, the FSFE website provides a number of options: raw text, or
enriched by a picture, the quoted person's name etc:
This is a standard quote. Remember that you'll still have to wrap
paragraphs in their respective <p>.
Let's add the author of a quote nicely by adding
"The problem with internet quotes is that you cannot always depend on
To increase authenticity even more, let's add a picture next to the quote:
"Finally I am free! Thanks to the FSFE's 'Free Your Android' and
'Upcycling Android' campaigns, I learnt how to break free from
proprietary dependencies! I recommend every android and human to do
A. Droid, random mobile phone
Another example with different mixture of classes. We apply
small-img to the with-image-right div that, as
the name says, puts the image to the right instead of the left. We also
use the class img-circle on Matthias' picture. Note that for
this, the picture must be square!
"We are happy to see that the good energy and resources the FSFE
community dedicates on creating, translating and promoting the
campaign's objectives keeps increasing support from major public
We sometimes publish interviews, for example with an interesting person.
Sometimes, we also ask the same questions to multiple political parties,
and want to list their answers using the party colours. Find out how this
FSFE: What are the freedoms of Free Software?
Jane Doe: These are the freedoms to use, study, share,
and improve software.
I write this in a second paragraph on the same level: They safeguard
What is the answer to all questions?
I assume it's 42.
FSFE: Are you sure? Isn't it 23?
Oh, well, I don't know.
Thank you for your time.
If you look at the source code, you will see that we sometimes use
<p class="question"> and sometimes <div
class="answer"> with multiple <p> inside. If
a question or answer contains multiple paragraphs, wrap them in a
<div> with this class, but leave the <p>s without any class.
If they are only one paragraph, it's suffient to just use a <p> with
the respective class.
Party questions (like Ask Your Candidates)
For parties, we have some predefined coloured boxes. You will find them in
the file /look/elements/interview-ayc.less. Here is a snapshot.
What is your favourite colour?
Leaf Party: Obviously green and every variation of it.
Sun Party: Red as the sun that keeps us all warm.
Did you know that red has the colour code #FF0000?
Sky Party: Blue, because it makes us calm and is pretty
to look at.
Tables of contents
If you have a long page, adding a table of contents may come in handy. We
offer a few options here. The default one is using a div with the class
toc. Inside, the first p element is the headline, and then
followed by a list, either ordered or unordered. If you choose ordered,
our system will automatically number the items accordingly.
You can link the different points to specific points of your page.
Ideally, you do this via anchor links that you
define manually for headlines.
You can also introduce a hierarchy of list items. For this, start a new
ordered list ("ol") or unordered list ("ul") within a list item ("li") on
the parent level. Below, you can find two non-functional examples: one
with ordered lists (numbers), one with unordered lists (bullet points) on
the first level, and numbered on the second.
Second item on first level, from here on without links
First item on second level
Third item on first level
We can even mix ordered and unordered lists!
OK, now it's getting silly...
If you don't want the table of contents to use up the full width, you can
also move it to the left or right of the page. On the very top of this
page you can find and example for a table of contents being on the right
side, which is done by adding the class float-right to the
ToC's div element. float-left would do the opposite.
Depending on the class of the <body> element, you page
automatically has an empty space to the right (at least on larger
screens). This is the sidebar which is defined below the closing
You can leave it empty (so just
<sidebar></sidebar>), then the build system put
some standard text there. But you can also use it for custom content. In
this example, we put a headline with "Sidebar content" followed by a few
links, related news, and a paragraph. Below,
there is a text motivating to support the FSFE, activated by adding the
All available sidebar promos can be seen in
/build/xslt/fsfe_sidebar.xsl. Currently, these are
our-work, support, donate or
none. Ask the web team if you miss something!
There are pre-defined modules that you can include almost everywhere on
fsfe.org. This way, translators don't have to translate the same text over
and over again, and such things can be improved centrally. For instance,
check this out:
Subscribe to our email updates. Our experts inform you about current
You can find all modules here,
and can add new ones. However, if you are not very familiar with the FSFE
website, please consider asking the web mailing list or someone from this
Small pitfall: if you build the
website locally and include a module in a page for the first time,
you'll have to run make after including a module once.
Especially for studies and longer articles, you may want to use footnotes.
This is simple to achieve once you understand the basic principle.
In this paragraph, we'll add two footnotes. One is here, and let's put another one behind
here. The cool thing:
you don't have to set the numbers yourself! However, it's critical that
you retain role="doc-noteref" for each of them, and
role="doc-backlink" for the backlinks below.
Normally, you would have the actual footnotes at the end of the page, so
just before </body>, but let's put it next to this
We called this footnote fn-1 and the backlink
ref-1 but that's completely up to you.
Most importantly, it should be consistent across the page so you don't
get confused by the fn-number and
By default, if you just enter text in <p> elements, you
just create a wall of text. Sometimes it makes sense to split the page, or
otherwise organise information in smaller pieces. Here are some examples
of what you can do:
With <div class="grid-50-50"> and the follow-up divs
you can create two or more boxes besides each other. On smaller screens,
they will be below each other, allowing for enough space. The boxes can
contain text, pictures, or videos. Just make sure that the boxes are
somewhat equal in height to give it a good look.
This is how the law is currently drafted:
You shall not use software for every purpose
You shall not be able to study technology
You must not share software with friends
By no means you must be able to improve technology
This is what the FSFE proposes instead:
You have the freedom to use software for any purpose
You have the freedom to study software
You have the freedom to shate software with everyone
You have the freedom to improve the software
Instead of a mere 50/50 box, you may want to add icons to smaller points
you are making. Here, we offer a neat icon grid with exciting options.
Let's check out the basic version:
Free Software helps to develop and maintain tailored software that
suits your needs, not just the vendor's business model.
Free Software can be shared and used in a non-exclusive way by
everyone – serving the public good.
Share & Copy
A Free Software licence allows a limitless number of installations
to be run, without paying extra.
Free Software licences reinforce independence from vendors and
provide more choice in service providers.
Some extra classes can refine the whole look and make it very flexible. We
will look at icons-sm, one-per-row,
no-icons, and icons-middle in short examples.
Free Software can be used for any purpose.
Free Software and its code can be studied by anyone.
Free Software helps to develop and maintain tailored software that
suits your needs, not just the vendor's business model. Lorem
ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetuer adipiscing elit. Aenean commodo
ligula eget dolor. Aenean massa. Cum sociis natoque penatibus et
magnis dis parturient montes, nascetur ridiculus mus. Donec quam
felis, ultricies nec, pellentesque eu, pretium quis, sem. Nulla
consequat massa quis enim.
Free Software can be shared and used in a non-exclusive way by
everyone – serving the public good. Donec pede justo, fringilla
vel, aliquet nec, vulputate eget, arcu. In enim justo, rhoncus ut,
imperdiet a, venenatis vitae, justo. Nullam dictum felis eu pede
mollis pretium. Integer tincidunt. Cras dapibus. Vivamus elementum
semper nisi. Aenean vulputate eleifend tellus.
Free Software can be used for any purpose and is free of
restrictions such as licence expiry or geographic limitations.
Free Software and its code can be studied by anyone, without
non‐disclosure agreements or similar restrictions.
Free Software can be shared and copied at virtually no cost.
Free Software can be modified by anyone, and these improvements
can be shared publicly.
Related content via tags
On campaign websites you may want to automatically include the latest news
about your activity. This works on the basis of tags. Each news item
should carry tags. The currently existing tags are listed here. What's important is the tag's
In this issue, we discuss the rising awareness for Free Software in
France. We share our plans for monitoring the implementation of
Device Neutrality principles. A hackerspace in Albania shares the
‘Public Money! Public Code’ demand. We are looking for a working
student to be our next system administrator assistant.
We continuously work to promote Free Software in Europe. In 2022
we addressed technological sustainability, advocated in the DMA and
AI act on European level, and defended Router Freedom in
Europe – among other activities. To reach younger
people, we organised a coding competition for
teenagers and published a children's book on software
We are looking for a working student to support our work in
empowering people to control technology. The person will support the
FSFE's technical infrastructure by working with our system
administrators. The work is 10 hours per week in the Berlin office
and home office is possible at a later stage.
In this Issue: an alliance of 46 entities - and counting - supports the
universal right to install any software on any device. Free Software
is being considered for inclusion in the EU Declaration of Digital
Rights. FSFE's transparency in public procurement app gets to EU
Datathon finals. Italian FSFE volunteers prepare tour.
The FSFE is eager to support its community with diverse Free Software
communication channels. We are happy to announce that we have recently added
Matrix to this list. After successful beta tests, every FSFE supporter and
volunteer can now create their own Matrix account. We will also use our
instance for the FSFE’s virtual booth during FOSDEM!
In order to make this work, you need to create a file next to the XHTML
file you are creating anyway. In the case of this page, whose file is
called features.en.xhtml, you'll need to create
features.sources. In this
file, you define the files that the build system shall look for as
candidates for inclusion. The content of this article's sources file is:
It asks the build system to have a look at all news items and events that
contain the tag tech-teams. But the system will the only
regard news items that have already been released (date older than today),
and event entries that are upcoming or currently ongoing, not past ones.
Variation: for the sidebar we've chosen
<related-list tag="tech-teams" count="2" /> instead of
related-feed. This does two extra things: the list does not
feature the latest news/event but is a plain list of entries. And with the
count attribute we overwrite the default value of maximum 5
entries and limit the list to the two most recent news/events.
By the way: if you don't want to display news items, just delete the lines
starting with "news/" - and vice versa for events - from the
A very simple but powerful element is buttons. There are countless options
so we just mention the most used ones. In general, a button in our website
is nothing more than a <a> element with a few extra
Sometimes, you may want to put some content within coloured frames, or
have an element that has a unicolour background. Here are a few options,
and all of them involve at least the class color-box.
However, please do not overload your page.
This box is using the class="color-box border" and
The colours for data-color are defined in the file
/look/elements/color-box.less. Here is a link to a snapshotted
This box is using the class="color-box background" and